Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer Symptoms & Treatments

Bladder cancer that has not invaded the muscular layer of the bladder (or beyond) is called superficial bladder cancer. Non-invasive bladder cancer is highly favorable and typically allows for a much less invasive form of treatment.

Nevertheless, even superficial bladder cancer can be a serious condition and requires the attention of a trained specialist for effective management.


Blood in the urine is by far the most common symptom reported by patients who are diagnosed with superficial bladder cancer. At times, the blood may only be detected on microscopic testing.

This is one reason that regular urine tests by a family doctor can be so important. Sometimes patients also complain of irritative voiding symptoms or bladder pain.

Who is prone to bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is more common in men than women, although it is common in both genders. In the United States, bladder cancer represents the fourth most common cancer in men and the ninth most common cancer in women.

Risk factors for bladder cancer include smoking, exposure to radiation, certain chemotherapy drugs (such as cyclophosphamide, which is used to treat other cancers), and chronic bladder inflammation. Caucasians are at greater risk than people of other racial backgrounds for developing bladder cancer.

Need another reason to quit smoking?

50 percent of those diagnosed with bladder cancer smoke tobacco.